Romans 8:1- Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
Verse one is another cornerstone verse from Romans. And it follows the sorrow Paul experiences as he recounts in detail his sometimes losing battle with sin and the flesh in the second half of Chapter 7. Who will save Him from this body of Death… The Man Christ Jesus and his saving from the body of death is that now there is “no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.”
Romans 8:2-8- For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death. 3 For what the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh, 4 so that the requirement of the Law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. 5 For those who are according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who are according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. 6 For the mind set on the flesh is death, but the mind set on the Spirit is life and peace, 7 because the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able to do so, 8 and those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
Verse 8 corresponds to the reformed teaching on the TOTAL depravity of man and would seem to teach that man has no free will to make a GOOD decision towards God on his own.
Flesh dies. Spirit doesn’t. The flaw in the Law is that it tells the flesh it must do something that it can’t do.
Condemnation– The Greek word is katakrima- it means a damning sentence. In this case the sentence is eternal; punishment in Hell.
Romans 8:9-11– However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. 10 If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.
Holy Spirit, Spirit of God, Spirit of Christ all the same Spirit but living…in…you. Amazing!! If we are in Christ, the same God who raised Christ from the dead will raise us.
Romans 8:12-17- So then, brethren, we are under obligation, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh— 13 for if you are living according to the flesh, you must die; but if by the Spirit you are putting to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.
Flesh must die. Not be improved or repaired but die and be replaced. C S Lewis’ quote is always good for explaining this:
The Christian way is different: harder, and easier. Christ says “Give me All. I don’t want so much of your time and so much of your money and so much of your work: I want you. I have not come to torment your natural self, but to kill it. No half-measures are any good. I don’t want to cut off a branch here and a branch there, I want to have the whole tree down. I don’t want to drill the tooth, or crown it, or stop it, but to have it out. Hand over the whole natural self, all the desires which you think innocent as well as the ones you think wicked—the whole outfit. I will give you a new self instead. In fact, I will give you Myself: my own will shall become yours.” –C. S. Lewis